Maternal and Infant Mortality: A Line That Can Be Crossed and the Difference That Makes

Pregnancy and childbirth are supposed to be some of the most joyful moments in a woman’s life. But for millions of women around the world, they are fraught with danger and uncertainty. Maternal mortality and infant mortality are two of the most pressing health issues facing our world today, and they are inextricably linked..

Maternal mortality is the death of a woman during pregnancy, childbirth, or up to 42 days after giving birth. Infant mortality is the death of a child before his or her first birthday. In 2015, an estimated 303,000 women died during pregnancy and childbirth, and 5.9 million children died before their first birthday..

The vast majority of these deaths occur in developing countries. In sub-Saharan Africa, for example, a woman’s risk of dying during pregnancy or childbirth is 1 in 38. In South Asia, the risk is 1 in 100..

There are a number of factors that contribute to maternal and infant mortality, including:.

* Lack of access to quality healthcare.

* Poverty.

* Malnutrition.

* Poor sanitation.

* Gender inequality.

In many developing countries, women do not have access to basic healthcare services, such as prenatal care, skilled birth attendants, and emergency obstetric care. This lack of access contributes to the high rates of maternal and infant mortality..

Poverty is another major factor that contributes to maternal and infant mortality. Poor women are more likely to be malnourished and to live in unsanitary conditions, which can increase their risk of developing complications during pregnancy and childbirth..

Gender inequality is also a major contributor to maternal and infant mortality. In many cultures, women are not valued as highly as men, and they have less access to education, healthcare, and other resources. This inequality can lead to women being denied the care they need during pregnancy and childbirth, which can increase their risk of death..

Maternal and infant mortality are two of the most pressing health issues facing our world today. They are a tragedy for the women and children who die, and they are a major obstacle to development..

There are a number of things that can be done to reduce maternal and infant mortality, including:.

* Increasing access to quality healthcare.

* Reducing poverty.

* Improving nutrition.

* Improving sanitation.

* Promoting gender equality.

By working together, we can create a world where every woman has the opportunity to give birth safely and every child has the chance to survive and thrive..

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